/ Impfservice 9 TBE (vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis)

What is TBE?

TBE or tick-borne encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain and cerebral membrane. In the beginning, its symptoms resemble those of influenza and initially start to improve. After around 7 days, however, the disease causes high fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, stiffness of the neck and sometimes even paralysis. Often, it leads to permanent health impairments; in some cases, it proves fatal.

There is no treatment for TBE itself; only the symptoms can be relieved.

The TBE virus (TBEV) is mostly transmitted by ticks biting humans. The virus occurs throughout Austria but also in other Central and Eastern European countries. After being bitten by an infected tick, it takes 2 to 28 days for the symptoms to appear. TBE cannot be passed on from one human to another.

The TBE vaccination provides good protection against the disease. A tick bite can also lead to Lyme disease (borreliosis); while there is no vaccination against borreliosis, it can be successfully treated with antibiotics. If you have spent time outdoors near
bushes and tall grass, you should do a “tick check”. Remove any ticks quickly! Take hold of the tick close to the skin by using tweezers and slowly pull the tick straight out without squashing it.

Vaccination advice for children

The Austrian Vaccination Plan recommends a TBE vaccination for children from their 1st birthday. However, the vaccination is not free of charge but must be paid for. Health insurance providers pay only a small cost contribution.

Vaccination schedule

First vaccination: from the 1st birthday
Second vaccination: 4 weeks after the first vaccination
Third vaccination: 5 to 12 or 9 to 12 months after the second vaccination, depending on the vaccine used

First booster vaccination: 3 years after the third vaccination
Additional boosters: every 5 years

Vaccination advice for adults

First vaccination: any time
Second vaccination: 4 weeks after the first vaccination
Third vaccination: 5 to 12 or 9 to 12 months after the second vaccination, depending on the vaccine used

If particularly quick protection is required, a rapid immunisation schedule with shorter intervals is also available.

First booster vaccination: 3 years after the third vaccination
Additional boosters:
• every 5 years (for persons up to the age of 60 years)
• every 3 years (for persons over the age of 60 years)

The protective effects
set in about 2 weeks after the second vaccination. The vaccination provides practically total (100%) protection.

Information and consultancy

Have you never had a TBE vaccination before? Or was your last vaccination quite a long time ago? Do you have trouble finding your Certificate of Vaccination?